Each day the children have a distinct phonics session when they learn letter sounds and use them to read and write simple words or captions. Phonics teaching is split into six phases, in reception we mainly cover phases 2 to 4
Phase 2 -this is where we begin teaching with most of the children in Reception.
By the end of phase 2 the children should know 19 sounds.
s a t p i n m d g o c k ck e u r h b f ff l ll ss
They should be able to orally blend CVC words e.g. when you sound out c-a-t they can tell you the word is cat and also orally segment CVC words e.g. when you say hop they can pick out the sounds h-o-p.
Phase 3 -this phase builds on Phase 2 and the children learn another 25 sounds.
j v w x y z zz qu ch sh th ng ai ee igh oa oo ar or ur/er ow oi ear air ure
They continue to blend and segment words for reading and writing.
Phase 4 -this is the phase that most children will be working in when they leave Reception.
The children consolidate their knowledge of all the sounds they have learnt so far and practise reading and spelling words with adjacent consonants (CVCC / CCVC words) e.g. tr / bl / sc / ft / cl / fl clap / soft / trip / fled / fast